By Alexander Maxwell
At the flip of the 19th century, Hungary was once the location of a countrywide awakening. whereas Hungarian-speaking Hungarians sought to assimilate Hungary’s ethnic minorities right into a new concept of nationhood, the country’s Slavs as a substitute imagined a proud multi-ethnic and multi-lingual country whose voters may freely use their local languages. The Slavs observed themselves as Hungarian voters conversing Pan-Slav and Czech dialects -- and but have been the origins of what might develop into within the 20th century a brand new Slovak kingdom. How then did Slovak nationalism emerge from multi-ethnic Hungarian loyalism, Czechoslovakism and Pan-Slavism? the following Alexander Maxwell provides the tale of the way and why Slovakia got here to be.
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Additional info for Choosing Slovakia: Slavic Hungary, the Czechoslovak Language and Accidental Nationalism (International Library of Political Studies)
109 The failure of the nová škola is beyond question, but the stará škola proved equally ineffective. In light of Magyar hegemony, the conflict between the stará and nová škola became increasingly irrelevant. ”110 Slovak disenfranchisement made political platforms irrelevant: Hungarian state institutions routinely refused to acknowledge legitimately elected representatives from ethnic minorities. 111 After Tisza’s fifteen-year rule ended, Hungary had a series of weak ministers who varied in their degree of hostility to non-Magyar nationalities.
The longing for Slavic unity never fully recovered from the shock of this discovery. In the end, the congress was dissolved by imperial soldiers. Slovak leaders tried to reconcile Hungarian citizenship with Slavic loyalties. They initially sought accommodation with Kossuth’s government. ” This included typical revolutionary demands: a free press, national schools, a national parliament, various language rights, solidarity with the oppressed Poles, and the release from prison of Slovak poet Janko Kráľ.
Hungary has seven million people A hundred great cities are enclosed with it, … The Hungarian, Slav, and German have a homeland here, but the Slavs are possibly the most powerful in number. 16 The first couplet uses the word Uhry to discuss Hungary’s total population, including all nationalities: Slavs, Germans, Magyars, Romanians, etc. The second couplet, claiming that Slavs have numerical superiority over other ethnic groups in Hungary, juxtaposes the Hungarian Slav with an ethnically Magyar Uher [Hethnic].