By Peter Marolt, David Kurt
The chinese language web is using switch throughout all features of social existence, and students have grown aware that on-line and offline areas became interdependent and inseparable dimensions of social, political, financial, and cultural job. This booklet showcases the richness and variety of chinese language cyberspaces, conceptualizing on-line and offline China as separate yet inter-connected areas during which a big selection of individuals and teams act and engage below the gaze of a likely monolithic authoritarian nation. The cyberspaces comprising "online China" are understood as areas for interplay and negotiation that impression "offline China". The publication argues that those areas let their clients better "freedoms" regardless of ubiquitous keep an eye on and surveillance through the country gurus. The e-book is a sequel to the editors’ past paintings, on-line Society in China: developing, Celebrating and Instrumentalising the web Carnival (Routledge, 2011).
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Extra resources for China Online: Locating Society in Online Spaces (Media, Culture and Social Change in Asia Series)
Drawing on university students’ articulations of their opinions of the internet, Cockain argues that microblogging (weibo 微博) platforms have changed the ways in which netizens confront and reflect upon social issues, but that online representations of social realities can stimulate disempowerment and disengagement just as well as empowerment and engagement. ” Taken together, the two chapters serve as reminders that the online and the offline are intricately linked and that the complexity of state-society relations does not diminish once we focus our attention on the virtual sphere.
Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. 2 Users, not netizens Spaces and practices on the Chinese Internet David Kurt Herold In September 2013, the Internet in China appeared to come to a crashing halt following “a stepped up campaign to rein in a forum that’s challenged China’s censorship regime” (Sanderson & Chen, 2013), during which “Beijing launched a roundup of Chinese bloggers” that “delighted some military hawks” (Yu, 2013). The Chinese government brought in “new legislation that in effect criminalizes online dissent” with a “vague and broad definition of online criminality” (Anderlini, 2013) that “has led to increased self-censorship by some of China’s most influential bloggers, chilling political discourse in the country” as it created “an atmosphere of fear” aimed at “making people speak less” (Hancock, 2013).
In a complex, pluralist, internationalized medium such as the Internet, discipline has its limits. Strategies of supervision and discipline can be avoided or subverted by users who have sufficient knowledge or desire to do so. The methods of circumventing discipline can be technical, such as the use of virtual private networks (VPNs), or based in the manipulation of discourse, such as the invention of coded words to avoid censorship. The high level of circumvention of online discipline necessitates the study of methods of control other than supervision, censorship, and punishment.