Carbon Management, Technologies, and Trends in Mediterranean by Sabit Erşahin, Selim Kapur, Erhan Akça, Ayten Namlı, Hakkı

By Sabit Erşahin, Selim Kapur, Erhan Akça, Ayten Namlı, Hakkı Emrah Erdoğan

This ebook pursues a different process, investigating either the ecological and socio-economic facets of carbon administration in Mediterranean ecosystems. All chapters are in keeping with papers initially offered on the 1st Istanbul Carbon Summit, held at Istanbul Technical college, 2–4 April, 2014, and revised following a peer-review process.

The e-book addresses the summit’s 3 major subject matters – carbon administration, carbon applied sciences, and carbon tendencies – whereas additionally providing chapters at the financial features of carbon administration and the ecological points of the carbon cycle. The chapters on monetary points study the carbon alternate and its institutional, political, and legislative buildings in several Mediterranean international locations, whereas these on ecological features assessment the discourse on and research of the similar ecological elements and their suggestions as a result of governance processes.

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Technical Paper. Global Soil Week, Berlin 19–22 November 2012. University of Leeds, UK. htm. UNCCD, 2012: “Zero Net Land Degradation”. UNCCD Secretariat Policy Brief May 2012. aspx. UNEP, 1994: “Land Degradation in South Asia: Its Severity, Causes and Effects upon the People”, INDP/UNEP/FAO. World Soil Resources Report 78 (Rome: FAO). in/9JcyfC. ; Critchley. W. ) (Berne: CTA—University of Berne). , 2012: “Land Resources of the Mediterranean: Status, Pressures, Trends and Impacts on Regional Future Development”, in: Land Degradation & Development, 25,4: 373–384.

All plant material contain carbon (normally around 50 % of dry weight), and burning or decomposition of cleared vegetation releases it to the atmosphere, mainly in the form of CO2. Plants and particularly trees continue to make an important contribution to the global carbon cycle (Broadmeadow/Matthews 2003). Retention of carbon in terrestrial ecosystems is one of the most effective ways in the prevention of global warming and decreasing greenhouse gases. A significant portion of the carbon is retained in the rizosphere.

Organic farming has additional benefits. For example, the use of manures supports the development of microbial communities that are more complex than those from the use of synthetic fertilizers (Sradnick et al. 2013). However, these methods are complementary because neither of them alone solves the problem of soil fertility depletion. Many farmers in inland regions of Africa pay twice as much for fertilizers compared with European or US farmers due to high transportation costs. Data show that 40–60 % of the food produced in the US and UK is a result of fertilizer use (Stewart et al.

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