Canadian Intellectuals, the Tory Tradition, and the by Philip Massolin

By Philip Massolin

In this well-researched booklet, Philip Massolin takes a desirable examine the forces of modernization that swept via English Canada, starting on the flip of the 20th century. Victorian values - agrarian, non secular - and the adherence to a inflexible set of philosophical and ethical codes have been being changed with these intrinsic to the trendy age: commercial, secular, medical, and anti-intellectual. This paintings analyses the advance of a latest awareness in the course of the eyes of the main fervent critics of modernity - adherents to the ethical and price structures linked to Canada's tory culture. The paintings and considered social and ethical critics Harold Innis, Donald Creighton, Vincent Massey, Hilda Neatby, George P. supply, W.L. Morton, Northrop Frye, and Marshall McLuhan are thought of for his or her perspectives of modernization and for his or her robust reviews at the nature and implications of the fashionable age. those students shared matters over the dire results of modernity and the necessity to attune Canadians to the realities of the trendy age. while such a lot Canadians have been oblivious to the results of modernization, those critics perceived anything ominous: faraway from being an indication of real development, modernization used to be a blight on cultural improvement. even with the efforts of those critics, Canada emerged as a completely smooth country through the Nineteen Seventies. as a result of the triumph of modernity, the toryism that the critics endorsed ceased to be a defining function of the nation's existence. Modernization, briefly, contributed to the passing of an highbrow culture centuries within the making and swiftly ended in the ideological underpinnings of latest smooth Canada.

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Instead, it had to develop a 'spirit of originality,' for which the universities would be primarily responsible. The time has come, he ended, 'when the research university must be regarded as the only university, and the task is incumbent on those in authority of elaborating a university system ... '10 The significance of Loudon's speech was twofold. First, Loudon's desire to specialize and professionalize research reflected a change in the balance of Canadian scholarship away from the 'gentleman scholar towards the laboratory of the professional researcher/ Whereas scientific enquiry in Canada had been the province of the amateur outside the university, the research ideal had no tolerance for such a haphazard and unproductive approach to new knowledge.

41 To Innis, the economic retraction of the 1930s was a 'bust' period, a manifestation of the stranglehold of technique on economic development. Innis's work through the early 1930s thus was an effort to address some of Canada's most pressing problems. As Adam Shortt had done before him, Innis used economic history as a platform on which to build a conception of current economic development. He worked hard to address problems that were rooted in the earliest phases of economic development but that impinged upon present economic circumstances.

They required an institution, in short, more compatible with university- than with government-sponsored research. The council was unique in that it enabled scientists themselves to devise and oversee research projects and advise government on their findings in a variety of fields. The types of projects the council dealt with in the early years - for example, production of motor fuel from alternative sources, better ways to use peat, extraction of sugar from sulphite liquor, and the use of agricultural wastes such as wheat straw and fish wastes for fertilizer - reflected both the needs of wartime Canada and the drive towards efficiency or the 'scientific' use of natural resources.

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