Bones: Orthopaedic Pathologies in Roman Imperial Age by Andrea Piccioli, Valentina Gazzaniga, Paola Catalano

By Andrea Piccioli, Valentina Gazzaniga, Paola Catalano

This ebook offers the result of a special macroscopic and radiological research, through X-ray and CT test, of the bone pathologies of approximately 1800 topics who lived on the time of the Roman Empire (first and moment centuries A.D.) and whose continues to be have been recovered through the excavation of a suburban necropolis of Rome. The survey, which represents a collaboration among the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology and the designated Superintendent for the Archaeological background of Rome, has yielded significant pictures of alternative orthopaedic ailments in a interval whilst no surgical procedure was once on hand: there are instances of an infection (osteomyelitis), metabolic sickness (gout), hematologic affliction (multiple myeloma), hectic lesions and their problems and degenerative pathology (osteoarthritis, rather secondary and overload). A multidisciplinary crew together with orthopaedists, paleopathologists, radiologists and scientific historians has evaluated the main teams of bone affliction within the inhabitants checking out wonderful instances and imagine of ortho-traumatologic pathologies in a pre-surgical period. The homogeneity of the pattern and the variety of matters make this a learn of primary importance.

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Immobility could also be guaranteed by specific items, such as wooden crates or cages made of flexible sticks tied together and bandaged to the broken limb; the use of long strips of bark and fresh soft branches is documented in pharaonic Egypt, in the Iron Age in Italy, and in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 by a young fugitive from Ercolano, who was forever immortalized by the lava together with the ferula blocking his fractured arm [81]. An increasing “orthopaedic” competence is also 20 1 The Study of Ancient Bone Remains Fig.

Cent. D. (Museo di Storia della Medicina, “Sapienza” Università di Roma) originally repeat the typologies already documented by the Greek and Etruscan clay production in forms and genres [64]; the treatment centres for slaves and soldiers (above all established at the borders of the Empire, the valetudinarian are complex buildings where wounded soldiers are admitted and where a military competence is practised, also extended to the orthopaedic treatments) [65]. D. building, where the Hellenic physician Eutyches lived and worked.

This chapter is the product of collaboration of Valentina Gazzaniga and Silvia Marinozzi, Sapienza – University of Rome and is therefore attributable in equal measure to both the authors. 3 Basis of Palaeopathology Carla Caldarini, Paola Catalano, and Federica Zavaroni Palaeopathology is a branch of knowledge that studies the diseases of the ancient populations through the observation and examination of the pathological signs detected in the archaeological human remains, generally bone finds. The study of the pathological alterations is also relevant in the anthropological field, because it can indirectly give information on the ancient populations’ lifestyle, environment and work and their main hazards.

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