By Theodora Dragostinova
In 1900, a few 100,000 humans residing in Bulgaria―2 percentage of the country's population―could be defined as Greek, no matter if by way of nationality, language, or faith. The advanced identities of the population―proud heirs of historic Hellenic colonists, dependable voters in their Bulgarian place of birth, individuals of a much wider Greek diasporic group, religious fans of the Orthodox Patriarchate in Istanbul, and reluctant supporters of the Greek govt in Athens―became entangled within the starting to be nationwide tensions among Bulgaria and Greece throughout the first half the 20th century.
In Between Motherlands, Theodora Dragostinova explores the moving allegiances of this Greek minority in Bulgaria. diversified social teams contested the which means of the kingdom, shaping and reshaping what it intended to be Greek and Bulgarian throughout the sluggish and painful transition from empire to geographical regions within the Balkans. In those many years, the sector was once racked by way of a chain of upheavals (the Balkan Wars, global conflict I, interwar inhabitants exchanges, international struggle II, and Communist revolutions). The Bulgarian Greeks have been stuck among the competing agendas of 2 states more and more bent on constructing nationwide homogeneity.
Based on huge learn within the records of Bulgaria and Greece, in addition to fieldwork within the international locations, Dragostinova exhibits that the Greek inhabitants didn't blindly stick with Greek nationalist leaders yet was once torn among identity with the land in their beginning and loyalty to the Greek reason. Many emigrated to Greece in line with nationalist pressures; others sought to take care of their Greek id and traditions inside of Bulgaria; a few even switched aspects while it applicable their own pursuits. nationwide loyalties remained fluid regardless of nation efforts to mend ethnic and political borders by way of such capacity as inhabitants events, minority treaties, and stringent citizenship ideas. the teachings of a case comparable to this proceed to reverberate anyplace and every time states try and regulate nationwide borders in areas lengthy inhabited by way of combined populations.
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Extra resources for Between Two Motherlands: Nationality and Emigration among the Greeks of Bulgaria, 1900-1949
1 The Slavic-Bulgarian History contained many ideas that would shape the development of Bulgarian nationalism when a new generation of national 1. Paisiı˘ Hilendarski, Slavianobâlgarska istoriia, ed. Petâr Dinekov (Sofia, 1972), 212–218. For interpretations of the text, see Marin Pundeff, “Bulgarian Nationalism,” in Sugar and Lederer, Nationalism in Eastern Europe, 98–103; Maria Todorova, “The Course of Discourses of Bulgarian Nationalism,” in Eastern European Nationalism in the Twentieth Century, ed.
51. Alexei Yurchak, “Soviet Hegemony of Form: Everything Was Forever, Until It Was No More,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 45 (2003): 485–486, 489–490. 52. Michael Herzfeld, Cultural Intimacy: Social Poetics in the Nation-State (New York, 1997). Introduction | 15 social integration, personal enhancement, or even their own physical survival. 53 Frequently, when individuals claimed that despite their Greek origins they wanted to be Bulgarians, this trend reflected their willingness to use the national idiom as a language of social legitimacy.
For the Greek population in the Bulgarian territories before 1878, see Shtelian Shterionov, Gârtsite po bâlgarskite zemi prez XVIII–XIX vek (do 1878 godina). Istoriko-demografska harakteristika (Sofia, 2008). 19. Jelavich, The Establishment of the Balkan National States, 158–169. 24 | Chapter 1 After 1885 the Bulgarian administration pursued more systematic policies against its Turkish and Greek populations, trying to limit the autonomy that they had enjoyed in Eastern Rumelia prior to the unification.