By François Lieutier, Keith R. Day, Andrea Battisti, Jean-Claude Grégoire, Hugh F. Evans
For the 1st time, a synthesis at the study paintings performed in Europe on all Bark And wooden dull bugs In residing bushes (BAWBILT) is gifted. As ultimate manufactured from a four-year learn undertaking amassing jointly a hundred scientists from 24 nations, the ebook is the fruit of a true collective synthesis within which all ecu experts have participated. It reports and reviews on the entire eu literature, whereas contemplating the organic (trees, bugs, linked organisms, and their relationships) and wooded area administration elements. despite the fact that, even if excited about the ecu wooded area, it additionally compares the on hand info and interpretations to these touching on comparable species in different continents. It ends with propositions of study priorities for Europe. The e-book is directed to all scientists and scholars all for woodland entomology and ecology, in addition to to wooded area managers and all medical public attracted to wooded area biology.
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Additional resources for Bark and Wood Boring Insects in Living Trees in Europe, A Synthesis
EVANS 9 1 4 3 3 4 5 2 4 3 1 2 5 3 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 3 1 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 4 4 1 1 3 2 4 2 1 1 4 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 4 2 1 2 4 2 3 3 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 3 1 1 2 3 1 2 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 4 2 1 2 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 4 4 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 Burning Wet storage 1 HT/KD 1 1 1 1 Composting 1 2 Processing 3 1 Covering 3 1 Physical Treatment Debarking Ips typographus Hylobius abietis Pityogenes chalcographus Scolytus multistriatus Scolytus scolytus Ips acuminatus Tomicus piniperda Phaenops cyanea Rhyacionia buoliana Scolytus laevis Cossus cossus Cryptorhynchus lapathi Dendroctonus micans Ips duplicatus Ips sexdentatus Paranthrene tabaniformis Pissodes castaneus Tomicus minor Trypodendron lineatum Zeuzera pyrina Agrilus biguttatus Gnathotrichus materiarius Hylastes ater Hylastes cunicularius Hylobius pinastri Ips amitinus Ips cembrae Leperesinus varius Monochamus sartor Pissodes piniphilus Pityokteines curvidens Polygraphus poligraphus Saperda carcharias Saperda populnea Scolytus intricatus Scolytus triarmatus Sirex juvencus Tetropium gabrieli Trypodendron domesticum Urocerus gigas Storage restrictions Species Movement restrictions Table 13.
Cryphalini). g. Xyleborus and Xylosandrus). The abdomen has not been much used in scolytid classification, although its sculpture is important in separating species of Scolytus. In the Scolytini and Xyloctonini, the elytra are flat, and the abdomen ascends to meet them. In the majority of scolytids the elytra are declivous, and the abdomen correspondingly more or less flat. The majority of the ambrosia beetles have mycangia. These are cuticular tubes, pouches or pits of various sizes, associated with glandular cells and opening to the surface of the body.
10. Synthesis of quantitative data on damage Table 12 provides a synthetic account of the information above. Volume Area (ha) Number of trees Period Threatened Area (ha) Species Number of countries where data available Table 12. A synthesis of quantitative data on damage caused by the "top ten" species 31,642,535 2,819,055 730,049 7,827,506 595,400 3,000,000 10,711 524 Ips typographus 10 7,640,156 1990-2001 Hylobius abietis 11 3,418,264 1980-2000 Pityogenes chalcographus 8 8,784,001 1900-2000 4 224,100 1991-2000 Ips acuminatus 7 11,135,433 1990-2000 18,109 12,850,428 2,265 Tomicus piniperda 8 14,507,433 1990-2000 8,109 12,933,205 202,235 Phaenops cyanea 5 Rhyacionia buoliana 4 Scolytus multistriatus and Scolytus scolytus 8,010,001 1990-99 327,000 1980-2000 88,258 12,839,159 20,138 5.