By Suha Bolukbasi
Azerbaijan's Soviet and post-Soviet political historical past has been tumultuous and sundry, quite with reference to the fight for independence, democracy, and sovereignty. Suha Bolukbasi right here illustrates how post-Stalin resilience, the tolerance proven towards refined nationalist expression, and Gorbachev’s rest of crucial keep an eye on from Moscow have been all, in-part, liable for the preliminary emergence of a extra liberal surroundings in Azerbaijan.
As a outcome, matters similar to Moscow’s accountability for environmental degradation, the depletion of Azerbaijan’s oil, and detrimental phrases of alternate have all all started to be freely mentioned. in spite of the fact that, the Azerbaijan-Armenia dispute over Karabagh has had a dramatic effect at the political discourse. The dispute has turn into not just a world clash, yet one that comprises the lives of a couple of million refugees.
This ebook indicates how Azerbaijan's contemporary political heritage -- either family and foreign -- has motivated the improvement of the rustic and the background of the encircling area.
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Extra info for Azerbaijan: A Political History (International Library of the Caucasus)
11 The Turkic Karakoyunlu and the Akkoyunlu states, based in Iranian Azerbaijan, ruled the area of contemporary Azerbaijan in the fifteenth century. PRE-SOVIET ERA AND SOVIETIZATION 21 The Seljuk invasions in the eleventh century changed the composition of the local population and produced the linguistic dominance of the Oghuz Turkic dialects. And yet, unlike the Ottoman Turks who ruled to the west of the Caucasus, the Caucasian Muslims in the early sixteenth century began to adopt in large numbers the Shi’a faith that set them apart from Sunni Ottomans.
29 Azerbaijan’s Soviet past has accounted for the population’s mostly quiet acquiescence in strong leadership. Elchibey’s inability to reestablish law and order, and the chaotic years of early independence, including the immediate post-Soviet period’s socio-economic hardships and the war in and around the NKAO, contributed to popular longing for a powerful leader. Hence Heidar Aliev, with his Soviet-era “tough” image seemed to be the most suitable candidate for the job. It might even be argued that the legacy of the Soviet era’s lack of the rule of the law and an effective institutional framework necessitated government with a substantial dose of authoritarianism.
99 The Commissar for Nationalities Affairs, Joseph V. Stalin, engineered the conquest of Azerbaijan. During the Civil War (1918–1920) Stalin took charge of political activities on the southern front including Caucasia. After Azerbaijan’s capture he went back to Moscow leaving his protégé Orzhonikidze in command of Kavbiuro with Sergei M. Kirov as his second in command. 100 After the establishment of Soviet rule in the Transcaucasus, Lenin desired the region to be economically and politically united.