Archaeology of Precolumbian Florida by Jerald T. Milanich

By Jerald T. Milanich

 This list of precolumbian Florida brings to existence the 12,000-year tale of the local American Indians who lived within the state.  utilizing details accumulated via archaeological investigations, many performed considering the fact that 1980, Jerald Milanich describes the indigenous cultures and explains why they constructed as they did.  In a richly illustrated e-book that may entice profes-sional and avocational archaeologists, students, travelers, and native historical past buffs, Milanich introduces the fabric history of the 1st Floridians throughout the interpretation of artifacts and archaeological sites.  Weaving jointly discoveries from such websites because the Lake Jackson mounds within the panhandle, Crystal River at the Gulf coast, and Granada at the Miami River, he relates the lengthy histories of the local teams whose descendants have been decimated in the course of the eu conquest of the 16th and 17th cen-turies.   

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These activities and media coverage of ongoing excavations did much to bring archaeology to the public eye. In 1948 the office of Park Service archaeologist was moved to Gainesville to the Florida State Museum on the campus of the University of Florida. When the Park Service ceased archaeological activities in 1953, its collections and records, along with Ripley Bullen, were transferred to the museum. Today the records and collections are still curated there and are used regularly. Perhaps more than any other single activity, the Florida Park Service's archaeology initiative was the birth of modern archaeology in the state.

The radiocarbon dates presented here are only guides. For the earlier cultures in Florida's history (the peoples described in chapters 2 and 3) the radiocarbon dates are several hundred years or more younger (nearer the present) than the corresponding calendar date. As dates get closer to the present, the difference between radiocarbon date and true calendar date grows less. Much debate surrounds the interpretation of radiocarbon dates, and research on their calibrations continues. Even so, radiocarbon dating is a powerful tool for archaeology.

Recently archaeologists have reconnoitered the same mounds. Page 3 Other early travelers in Florida also described archaeological sites. The naturalists John and William Bartram noted many Indian remains, some of which can be identified and have been investigated in the twentieth century. One notable site is Mount Royal, a large St. Johns culture mound just north of Lake George in western Putnam County.  . stands a magnificent Indian mount.  . But what greatly contributed towards completing the magnificence of the scene, was a noble Indian highway, which led from the great mount, on a straight line, three quarters of a mile, first through a point or wing of the orange grove, and continuing thence through an awful forest of live oaks, it was terminated by palms and laurel magnolias, on the verge of an oblong lake, which was on the edge of an extensive green level savanna.

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