By Callum F. Ross, Richard F. Kay
This moment version might be an edited quantity of curiosity to people who do study and educate in regards to the evolution of primates. It goals to exhibit to primatologists, anthropologists, palaeontologists, and neuroscientists the latest reviews of primate phylogeny, the anthropoid fossil list, the evolution of the primate visible process, and the beginning of the anthropoid social structures. This name encompasses a CD-ROM and colour figures.
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Extra info for Anthropoid Origins: New Visions
213). , monophyly), Simpson saw Anthropoidea as a grade because ceboids, cercopithecoids, and hominoids all evolved the same adaptive features separately. For Simpson, higher taxa like Anthropoidea were "either made consistent with a reconstruction . of phylogeny or with phylogenetic processes likely to have produced an observable result-or both, for those approaches are closely and often inseparably related. In any case, the taxa reflect evolutionary factors involved in their origin and development ...
1). This rejection undoubtedly sterns from the percolation of the neo-Darwinian synthesis into prirnatology (Fleagle and Jungers, 1982, p. 204) , facilitated by one ofthe architects ofthis synthesis, George Gaylord Simpson. Simpson (1944) reconciled observations of apparent orthogenetic phenomena with the rnicroevolutionary mechanisms of population genetics, enabling Le Gros Clark to continue to Evolving Perspectives on Anthropoidea 13 interpret primate evolution in terms of trends, but with the driving force behind these trends being natural selection rather than orthogenesis.
1998) To which Group of Fossil or Extant Primates is Anthropoidea most Closely Related? Although the adoption of cladistic methods by paleoprimatologists did not resolve for everyone the problems of basalprimate cladogenesis debated by Earle and Hubrecht at the end of the 19th century, it did make such hypotheses more precise and open the way to a more rigorous analysis of character evolution. In the mid-1980s, the general acceptance of anthropoid monophyly caused debate to become focused on the question of whether tarsiers are more closely related to Anthropoidea than to Strepsirrhini, and the separate, but related question (Rasmussen, 1986) of which non-anthropoid fossil group is most likely to have given rise to Anthropoidea.