By Yunquan Liu
This quantity offers the newest developments and destiny views of atomic, molecular and optical (AMO) physics and its very important function in sleek sciences and applied sciences. The chapters are dedicated to quite a lot of quantum structures, with an emphasis at the knowing of ionization, high-harmonic iteration, molecular orbital imaging and coherent keep an eye on phenomena originating from light-matter interactions. The ebook overviews present study panorama and spotlight significant medical developments in AMO physics interfacing with interdisciplinary sciences. it can be fairly attention-grabbing for younger researchers engaged on constructing their medical pursuits and goals.
Readership: This publication is most fitted for the energetic scientists and graduates in strong-field neighborhood and in addition for different scientists who paintings with the ultrafast lasers in biology and chemistry.
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Additional resources for Advances of Atoms and Molecules in Strong Laser Fields
There are many side lobe structures inside each order ATI. In order to quantitatively recapture the interference features observed in the experiment, we develop an intuitive Quantum Trajectory Monte Carlo (QTMC) method. Both the initial conditions for the electron propagation and the trajectory weight of each electron are the same as the CTMC method in Ref. . In the QTMC model, the electron initial condition after tunneling is derived from cthe Laudau’s effective potential theory  and ADK theory [25, 26].
On the other hand, the yield of the indirect trajectories will dominate over that of the direct trajectories because of the effect of the long-range Coulomb potential [38, 39]. Thus, the interference between the long rescattered trajectories and the indirect trajectories plays a dominant role in the formation of the low-energy interference stripes. 5in b2217-ch02 37 Fig. 9. The simulated interference patterns between the long trajectory and the indirect trajectory. The additional phase difference is zero for σg orbital (a) and π for πg orbital (b).
5in b2217-ch01 Atoms and Molecules in Strong Laser Fields forward scattering are smaller than the initial transverse momentum at the tunnel exit. Clearly, depending on the tunneling time, the electrons experience different strength of Coulomb focusing. Since the rescattering part will experience stronger Coulomb focusing effect, the width of final transverse momentum of the rescattering part is much narrower than that of directly ionized electrons. Using the elliptically polarized laser fields, it is possible to exact the initial momentum distribution at tunnel exit because the hard rescattering with the nucleus will be significantly suppressed.