By Dorothy Lamb Crawford
This publication is the 1st to envision the intense collecting of composers, conductors, and different musicians who fled Nazi Germany and arrived within the l. a. zone. Musicologist Dorothy Lamb Crawford appears to be like heavily on the lives, artistic paintings, and effect of 16 performers, fourteen composers, and one opera level director, who joined this giant migration starting within the Thirties. a few during this crew have been recognized after they fled Europe, others might achieve popularity within the younger musical tradition of l. a., and nonetheless others struggled to set up themselves in an atmosphere frequently proof against musical innovation. Emphasizing person voices, Crawford provides brief pics of Igor Stravinsky, Arnold Schoenberg, and the opposite musicians whereas additionally contemplating their impact as a group—in the movie undefined, in song associations in and round l. a., and as academics who informed the following new release. The e-book unearths a uniquely shiny period whilst Southern California grew to become a hub of unheard of musical expertise.
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Extra resources for A Windfall of Musicians: Hitler's Emigres and Exiles in Southern California
He had trained in composition and musicology in Vienna and in Germany, where he had earned a doctorate at Münster University. Zador’s Vienna career had developed rapidly, with performances of three operas and several orchestral works. On the day of the Anschluss he returned to his homeland for protection, but it was soon clear to him that Hitler’s prohibitions against Jews were going to extend to Hungary. With the help of the New York College of Music, which invited him to teach and sponsored his entry to the United States in 1939, Zador sailed for America.
After they had begun to absorb the disciplines and layers of tradition inherent in European musical training, young Southern California musicians—particularly the performers—scattered into the postwar world to develop experience and professionalism. Although Los Angeles is a city of perpetual and rapid change, it took until the mid-1960s to begin to found and fund the institutions that the master musicians from Europe and their students had so sorely needed. After the end of World War II, aspiring student singers and instrumentalists moved to Europe for their apprenticeships, in a reverse migration.
Hollander, Waxman, and Weill, working in the same field, also moved to the United States. The fall of France in 1940 brought a further wave of escaping musical émigrés to the United States, including the Polish pianist Artur Rubinstein, the Piatigorsky family, the young Austrian composer Eric Zeisl, and conductor Fritz Zweig. Switzerland had honored the status of “political refugee,” which carried an automatic right to asylum under the Swiss constitution, in the early 1930s. Walther Ingolf Marcus, a German music student, sought this protection.