A Thousand Teachings: The Upadesasahasri of Sankara by Sengaku Mayeda

By Sengaku Mayeda

This can be the simplest advent to Vedanta and to Sankara's philosophy. The Upadesaasahasri, or one thousand Teachings includes a metrical half and a prose half. within the metrical half, Sankara discusses the fundamental philosophical difficulties of non-dualism, whilst refuting the lessons of alternative philosophical faculties. within the prose half, he explains tips on how to educate how to self realization--to enlightenment.
Sankara and the nice Abhinavagupta are normally considered as the 2 maximum thinkers within the lengthy background of Indian philosophy. Sankara represented Advaita Vedanta, a non-dualistic view of final fact. such a lot of his works are commentaries on classics of Indian concept. 1000 Teachings is the single non-commentarial paintings that may be attributed to him; the opposite self sufficient writings ascribed to him are most likely spurious.

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Pratharno bhedab praty9k1am. _ . 34Sankara as the author of the ro,~asiitrabhafyamvara~a also usespratyayn as a synonym of vrtti ( IV,22, p. 354): bauddha~ pratyayojiiyamiina eva tasyaf; ( = citel:z) karmatilm iipaqyate/ taT[I. arp. " . 35N. K. §ankara's Theo~y of Knowledge (Varanasi: Molllal Banarsi Dass, 1962), pp. 99-102. Cf. S. Dasgupta, A History of Indian Philosophy, vol. II (Cambridge: University Press, 1952), pp. 105-106.

P. Hacker," Sankar~: carya and Sankarahhagavadpada," New Indian Antiquary, vol. 9, 1947, pp. 176-178 and pp. 182-183). lkiira ;from aharrikiira, paficatanmiitra; from paiicatanmiitra, paiica, mahiibhiita. Such a theory of evolution is not advanced in any of his works which can b~ regarded as genuine, except the GBh. The BhG, which has Sarpkhya as one of its doc, trinal bases, refers to a very similar idea of evolution (VII, 4 and XIII, 5 ), Consequent· ly Sankara as its commentator seems to be forced to comment on it, just as he refers to the term iinanda only when the text to he interpreted forces him to do so.

Up. II, I and BS II,3,l-12. Cf. Pancadali I, 27; Vediintasiira [XV] 123-128; P:,. Deussen, Al lgemeine Geschichte der Phi losophie. 3 (Leipzig: F. A. Brockhaus, 1908), p. 446 ;, S. Dasgupta, History ef Indian Philosophy, vol. II, p. 74, note l; P. , hasri von Meister Shankara, p. 20, note 72; H. Nakamura, The Vediintasiira (Kyoto: Heirakuji Shoten, 1962l, pp. 152-153. f 278. Dasgupta, A History of Indian Philosophy, vol. II, p. 74, note l. 2BVediintasiira [XV] 124. Cf. Paiicadaii 1,27. ~serting that the Sruli which sets forth trivrtkaratfa indirectly refers to it (Vediintasiira [XV] 126).

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