A Companion to American Technology (Blackwell Companions to by Carroll Pursell

By Carroll Pursell

A spouse to American expertise is a groundbreaking number of unique essays that study the hard-to-define phenomenon of “technology” in the US. 22 unique essays via specialist students disguise crucial positive aspects of yankee know-how, together with advancements in cars, tv, and computingAnalyzes the ways that applied sciences are prepared, similar to within the engineering occupation, executive, medication and agricultureIncludes discussions of ways applied sciences engage with race, gender, type, and different organizing constructions in American society

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However, many talented artisans, such as Joseph Jenks, left few written records, so we rely on artifacts for much of what we know of their work. Joseph Jenks, Artisan John Winthrop, Jr, recruited Joseph Jenks (c. 1599–1683), a Londoner and cutler who had immigrated to Maine sometime before 1641, for his Saugus ironworks. While the Saugus enterprise contributed little to the seventeenth-century colonial economy, it played an important role in launching the careers of artisans such as Jenks. Jenks secured a patent from the Massachusetts General Court to erect mills for making scythes and other edge tools, and set up shop adjacent to the Saugus furnaces.

Eli Whitney turned to Forbes & Adam in 1798 for gun barrels and the machinery he needed to begin mechanized musketmaking for the federal government. Although the products of the colonial iron industry never approached the value of the exports of agricultural products, their impact on the British economy provoked regulation in 1750. More importantly, the ironworks gave the colonies vital capacity to produce ordnance during the Revolution. Because operation of a blast furnace required organization of a workforce that worked in shifts around the clock and a network of suppliers who would assure a steady flow of materials to the furnace, ironworks were precursors to the industrial organization of the American manufacturing industries that blossomed in the early republic.

This set, remarks historian Cowan (1997, p. ” Railroads Equally dramatic and historic to canal building and steamboats in North America was the application of steam power to land travel, and the construction of thousands of miles of railroads connecting the east coast with the interior. The first railroading began in Britain in 1825, but its most extraordinary development occurred in the United States. Americans borrowed and improved on British technology immediately. In January 1831, the Charleston and Hamburg Railroad in South Carolina became the first in the nation to begin regular service, and its locomotive, the Best Friend of Charleston, built at the West Point Foundry in New York in 1830, was the first one built entirely in the United States.

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